Human Trafficking

The Department of Homeland Security’s Blue Campaign is working with the transportation industry to combat human trafficking.



  • Within 48 hours of a young person leaving home, 1/3 are trafficked.
  • Within 72 hours of leaving home, 90% of runaways are slaves to the human trafficking industry.

SEE BLUE CAMPAIGN RESOURCES - general page (Print ads, videos, handouts)

SEE BLUE CAMPAIGN INFOGRAPHIC - tool kit (The center graphic is a SWTA favorite)


DART Training Materials

FTA Administrator Peter Rogoff, speaking at APTA’s Bus & Paratransit Conference in Indianapolis stated, “We, the public transportation industry, has the opportunity to be the eyes and ears.” The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 is the first comprehensive federal law to address trafficking in persons. The TVPA was reauthorized through the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) of 2003, 2005, and 2008. Under U.S. federal law, “severe forms of trafficking in persons” includes both sex trafficking and labor trafficking: Sex trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purposes of a commercial sex act, in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age, (22 USC § 7102; 8 CFR § 214.11(a)). Labor trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purposes of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, (22 USC § 7102).

Possible Trafficking Indicators:

  • Another person who seems controlling may accompany the person.
  • The controlling person may insist on giving information or talking.
  • The person has trouble communicating due to language or cultural barriers.
  • The person’s identification documents (passport, driver’s license) may be held or controlled by someone else.
  • The person may appear submissive or fearful or even defiant or aggressive.
  • The person may be inadequately dressed for the situation or work done.
  • Does the person exhibit any of the classic presentations found in trafficking victims? Poor Mental Health or Abnormal Behavior? Poor Physical Health? Lack of Control?
  • Has a child stopped attending school?
  • Is the person often in the company of someone to whom he or she defers? Or someone who seems to be in control of the situation, e.g., where they go or who they talk to?
  • Does the person appear coached on what to say?

ACTION Steps: RECOGNIZE signs, ASK questions, REPORT to authorities! Be observant of passengers as the check-in, especially children and those who accompany them or young women traveling alone. If a young person is traveling alone, ask the reason for their trip. If they have a promised job, ask the nature of the job and see if she knows the person who will be meeting her. False employment promises and modeling jobs common lures. If a child is traveling with someone who does not appear to be his or her parent, ask if you may take the child on a tour of the vehicle, if the adult refuses to allow it, be suspicious. If several of traits or indicators are present DO NOT CONFRONT the suspected traffickers or try to rescue suspected victims – but REPORT while in transit if possible-Safety first!

  • Save 888-373-7888 in your phone to report activities to the Human Trafficking hotline.
  • If you believe that person is in immediate danger, call 911 or implement your systems’ emergency protocols. Have authorities meet you at next destination to investigate.
  • HSI/ICE Tip line 866-347-2423 can also be used to report and request assistance or for International locations – call 802-872-6199.

See more information and resources in links below.

Related Links

Manna Freedom's "What is Human Trafficking?"
Washington Times Reports Survivor Tiips
Human Trafficking Online Reporting
Request Staff Training: TraffickSTOP
LA Metro Human Trafficking Awareness Campaign
Secretary LaHood's Human Trafficking and Public Transportation Video
New Mexico: Human Trafficking
DART Human Trafficking Training Template for Front Line Transit Employees
DART Refresher Human Trafficking
DART's APTA 2016 Human Trafficking Presentation
DART Human Trafficking Pocket Card
Blue Campaign Information
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